This is the real meat and potatoes of the article. Despite the structure mentioned above, you can go about the body paragraphs in a few different ways. Similar to compare and contrast essays, you can use a block structure (grouping all the causal information together before getting into the effects) or a point-by-point structure (considering one cause and effect at a time).
The effects of homelessness are equally complex and can be mirror images of the root causes. Because the person is experiencing homelessness, this may put profound strain on personal relationships. Drug abuse can become an issue, as the person seeks some way of coping with the pain and hardship of living on the streets. This leads to a downward spiral that drives the person deeper and deeper into the depths of crippling poverty and isolation.
Every city, every neighborhood faces unique challenges when it comes to homelessness. While the specific root causes can vary between individuals, the lack of adequate social services is a leading contributor. The right social services can address, reduce, or even remove some of these other underlying causes. With powerful effects for both the individual and society at large, homelessness is a pressing issue and one that must be approached with tact and compassion.
Some topics that you may have considered for other types of essays can be adapted to cause and effect essays, too. Look through our list of argumentative essay topics for more ideas. Just remember that you may want to avoid certain essay topics if you really want to stand out!
That level of complication and the potential domino effect of things are what make cause and effect essays so interesting. Considering all those facets is part of what will add nuance to your writing.
Mrs. Nichols is a fourth-grade teacher who used to feel very frustrated by how much importance her district placed on helping students understand cause and effect, or the sequential and logical consequences of actions, behaviors, and events. Recently, she has come to understand that cause and effect is not just a meaningless concept for students to memorize.
Rather, Mrs. Nichols has noticed that a good understanding of cause and effect can help students understand that they have power in their own lives; the things they do and decide can lead to other things that can even be predicted to some extent. Moreover, she notices that students with a good understanding of cause and effect have better reading comprehension and more solid understandings of concepts in social studies and science because they understand that many things happen for logical reasons. Mrs. Nichols develops a list of activities that help her work on cause and effect with her upper-elementary school students.
One of the most powerful ways Mrs. Nichols has found for teaching her students about cause and effect is simply keeping track of authentic, or real life, examples of these phenomena. She tells her students that they are going to chart causes, or things that make other things happen, and effects, or logical consequences of the causes, in their classroom.
Mrs. Nichols creates a large chart showing causes and effects. She starts pointing out the way certain classroom events lead to other things. For instance, when students are slow to transition, the effect is that they have less time for fun activities. When one student helps another, it causes the second student to help the first later on. Soon, the students begin bringing cause and effect relationships to Mrs. Nichols attention, and they chart them independently. Mrs. Nichols encourages her students to extend these observations beyond the classroom context as well.
Mrs. Nichols finds that graphic organizers, or visual ways of presenting information, are especially helpful when her students are working on cause and effect in reading. When they encounter a new text where she is hoping they will understand cause and effect, she gives them sheets with circles on the left hand side and squares on the right. An arrow connects each square to its neighboring circle. Mrs. Nichols has her students jot down causes in the circles and effects in the squares. This visually organizes the relationship between cause and effect and helps springboard discussion about what they have read.
Mrs. Nichols gives students an index card with a description of a short scene. Two or three students act out the scene, and then the class discusses what might happen as a result, or effect, of the causes portrayed by the actors.
In this slightly more complex game, Mrs. Nichols has students work in groups to write funny scripts that they feel portray causes and effects. She gives them a chance to act out their skits for their classmates and receive reflective feedback.
Finally, Mrs. Nichols finds that some students benefit from games that allow them to match causes with logical effects. She sometimes simply writes causes and effects in two columns on a worksheet and has students draw lines between what they perceive as matching pairs. She might also give them game cards with causes and effects and ask them to work alone or in partnership to match sensible causes and effects together. In these cases, students with more advanced understandings can sometimes even create cause and effect activities for their classmates.
The sample essay uses the Focus on Causes method, as indicated by a single effect that "evolved from" set causes in its thesis. It is formatted into a block organization. Its hook is a historical quote that illustrates the mindset of the time.
A cause and effect essay is structured as a typical essay, including an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion. The organization of the body paragraphs varies depending on how you format your essay.
The concept of cause-and-effect relationships is so prevalent in our everyday lives that students are usually quick to pick up on them. They may already display a good implicit understanding of the concepts in their reading and writing. However, the purpose of this article is to make that understanding explicit; to offer a range of strategies that will help students clearly identify the causes and effects that are woven throughout the fabric of the texts they will read.
Cause and effect in a piece of writing help the reader follow a coherent thread through the material. It also helps the writer engage in the writing process to organize and structure the information into a logical form, such as a cause-and-effect essay.
Graphic organizers can be a helpful tool to help students record the cause and effect of a reading passage. Displaying this information visually aides students in identifying and analysing the underlying causes and effects of a series of events or processes.
This simple graphic organizer consists of two columns labelled cause and effect, respectively. Students can record the cause in the left-hand column and the corresponding effect opposite in the right-hand column. This allows students to see the cause and related effects quickly and can serve as a useful study tool to review material.
The Cause and Effect Chain is a simple graphic organizer consisting of a series of sequential boxes joined by arrows. Students record events in the boxes to display the relationships between them. As one event occurs we can trace the subsequent event it causes easily. In this way, students can also visually comprehend how effects themselves become causes.
Graphic organizers can also be useful to display complex relationships between events where an event has more than one cause or effect. Students simply add more arrows and boxes to display the relationships between different events. As students become more experienced and sophisticated in their approach, they will be able to tailor individual graphic organizers to meet the needs of the specific reading material they are engaged with.
Teaching cause and effect begins with defining both terms clearly for the students. Once that is done, students should then be offered ample opportunity to practice this strategy in discrete lessons. These practice sessions should utilize a wide range of reading material in a variety of genres and of various complexities.
Write a series of causes and their related effects on playing-card-sized paper. You can select the causes and effects you use for this activity from a recent story you have worked on together or a process students have been studying in class, reinforcing that learning and the cause and effect reading comprehension strategy itself.
This activity is effective in helping students recognize the patterns of cause and effect as they are displayed in various sentence structures. It offers students opportunities to familiarize themselves with the various possible transitions in cause-and-effect sentences. This activity can be easily adapted for use with paragraphs and longer extracts too.
There is no doubt that students must develop their skills in applying this essential reading comprehension strategy to a wide variety of reading material if they are to become effective readers. To do this, they must clearly understand how the concepts of cause and effect are defined in a range of contexts. This can only be achieved through practice. Students should gain experience in identifying the events in a story and then learn to categorize them as either cause or effect. This will not always be a straightforward classification and may require students to draw on other reading strategies to perform this successfully, particularly the skill of inference.
cause and effect anchor charts and cause and effect diagrams like this are great classroom resources to tap into before writing a how to write a cause and effect essay and understanding a cause-and-effect relationship.
When you get enrolled in a middle school, high school, or college, the teachers usually assign different essays for you to write. The type of essay that includes multiple paragraphs to examine causes and effects is known as a cause and effect essay. 2b1af7f3a8